Eczema is characterized by itching and redness of the skin, but all forms are not the same. It’s not contagious, and the reasons some people develop it aren’t fully understood.
The types of eczema are:
Atopic eczema: occurs when your immune system overreacts to a trigger
Contact eczema: results from contact with something irritating, such as cloth or lotion
Dyshidrotic eczema: appears as small, itchy blisters usually on the fingers, toes, palms and soles of your feet
Hand eczema: features red, peeling, and itchy hands
Neurodermatitis: manifests as patches of scaly, itchy skin
Nummular eczema: differs from other types of eczema as it appears as small, round patches of scaly, itchy spots on the skin; sometimes the patches seep
Stasis dermatitis: develops when the blood flow in your veins is interrupted and pressure develops; it’s often seen on varicose veins, for example.
Because so many types of eczema exist, it’s important to see Dr. Safko to understand your triggers and determine an appropriate treatment.
Dr. Safko can diagnose your condition if you have any doubt. But you should suspect eczema if you have dry, red, and inflamed skin. Eczema is almost always itchy. In some types, the skin may appear darkly colored or rough and leathery. Scales, oozing and crusting, and even swelling can occur.
Proper diagnosis and management prevent eczema from negatively affecting your life. Some eczema that crusts and oozes can become infected, so it’s important to treat it and minimize that possible side effect.
Eczema may result from an allergy and Dr. Safko can help you figure out if that’s your situation. Over-the-counter creams may help in mild cases, but Dr. Safko can prescribe more powerful creams that help alleviate the itching and inflammation more effectively. Antihistamines and light therapy are other alternatives for treating eczema. After a consultation and examination, Dr. Safko can recommend a treatment plan appropriate for you.
He’ll also coach you on lifestyle habits, such as stress reduction and avoidance of specific chemical and fabric triggers, that alleviate the eczema.